DUBROVNIK ARCHITECTURE - A POEM OF SPIRIT AND STONE


Within these seven days you will be acquainted with the Dubrovnik fortification architecture (walls and fortifications in Dubrovnik and in its surroundings), country house, rural and sacral architecture. You will also hear about the history of the development of Dubrovnik and Dubrovnik Republic as an integral part of the story about Dubrovnik.

Day 1:
Arrival at Dubrovnik airport, hotel accommodation, overnight.

Day 2:  HISTORICAL REVIEW OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF DUBROVNIK REPUBLIC

There are several theories on the origin of Dubrovnik. The generally accepted one is that the town was founded in the 7th century when the Latins from the city Epidaurum (today's Cavtat) fled before the invasion of Avars and Slavs in the rock Laus, a settlement which later merged with Dubrava. However, during the renovation of the city Cathedral, deep beneath the foundations of today's Cathedral remains of two former church were discovered, dating from the 5th century. Some other findings suggest a possible theory that the village dates back to the Greek era.

Therefore, on today's trip we will take you to Cavtat (former Epidaurus), about twenty kilometers away from Dubrovnik.

We will visit family Račić Mausoleum, a part of the religious architecture of which you will hear more during the last day of the tour. The mausoleum is made by Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović, a longtime friend and associate of Auguste Rodin.

We will also visit the Cathedral, under whose foundations are the remains of two former churches which have shaken the theory of the origin of Dubrovnik. Rector's Palace as the center of power in this city - state, and Ethnographic Museum Rupe with granary are also a part of the today's tour.

Day 3: DUBROVNIK'S FORTIFICATION ARCHITECTURE

Tour of the city walls and fortifications is an infallible part of this tour. Besides the walls, there are several towers: Minčeta, Bokar, St. John, Revelin and Lovrijenac fortress, the only fortress outside the city walls. Pile Gate and Ploče hate, entraces to the Old Town have a drawbridges which used to be closed every night.
We proceed our tour to visit Soko Tower in Konavle, a huge fortress on a cliff with a magnificent view of the Konavle. When the tower got into the hands of Dubrovnik people, it was repeatedly repaired and upgraded because of its strategic importance.

Day 4: DUBROVNIK'S FORTIFICATION ARCHITECTURE - second day

Visit to Ston, a medieval town with the longest stone walls in Europe (5.5 km). Its value as a city of salt is acknowledged even today in the plants of the oldest active saltworks in the world, which still produces salt in a natural way, and is also known for the cultivation of oysters and mussels.
Dubrovnik gained the peninsula of Pelješac in 1334, and then went into the largest fortification - urban venture of that time in Europe in order to protect it. They founded two fortified towns, Ston and Mali Ston with an intent to gather people for protecting them and also to work in the saltworks which brought a lot of income to Republic.

After Ston we go back to Dubrovnik and its fortifications. The fortress Imperial dominates the hill Srđ above the Old Town, which has always been its natural shelter from the wind and the invasion of various conquerors.
After Napoleon's army conquered the city of Dubrovnik, they began the construction of the fortress Imperial which was completed by Austria - Hungary republic. We will visit the fortress by cable car.


Day 5: DUBROVNIK COUNTRY ARCHITECTURE

Dubrovnik summer residences were built by wealthy families, outside the city, along the seashore or on the islands. Summer residences of Dubrovnik aristocrats are the best example of country architecture. They were places of gathering for intellectuals, artists, actors and poets, a place where they can have philosophical discussions about life, state and family.

There is a great number of Dubrovnik summer residences, but the most famous ones are Crijević - Pucić, Bunić - Kaboga, Stay, Skočibuha, Gundulić, Sorkočević, Rašica, Gučetić, Restić, Zamanja etc.

Besides summer residences in the city of Dubrovnik, we will also visit Sorkočević in Rijeka Dubrovačka, in which ACI marina is now situated. This mansion with a beautiful garden and stairs is the best preserved of all the summer residences of the Dubrovnik aristocrats built in Rijeka Dubrovačka.

After Sorkočević we go to Trsteno, a place not far from Dubrovnik, whose biggest attraction is botanical garden known for its historic gardens and collection of Mediterranean and exotic plants. It was founded on the grounds of historical summer residence of noble family Gučetić - Gozze, and is protected as a monument of garden architecture. The mansion was the center of humanistic cultural life of Dubrovnik.

 
DAY 6: DUBROVNIK RURAL ARCHITECTURE

Konavle region is worth a look due to its rich rural architecture and natural beauties and contrasts. We will visit family farm business, where they will demonstrate the way of work and life in the past, and you will see the mill where they grind wheat. Our tour continues to Pridvorje, the center of Konavle. This village has a long history, Rector's Palace is built in its central part and farmhouses, threshing floors and the church were built around it.

This tour will take us back in time when people lived another way of life, ruled by the different customs. Thanks to people who decided to maintain old traditions and customs it seens like the time stands still in this area.

 
Day 7: DUBROVNIK RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE

After building their own houses, people started to make buildings for their gods. The sacral architecture imples temples, shrines, mausoleums, churches, monasteries, mosques ... Sacral buildings, as the richest and largest buildings in the city, were a reflection of the society and culture of the whole nation. Besides for religious ceremonies, the church has always been used for social gatherings and was the center of cultural life (art gallery, painting museum ...). The architecture of the church has changed from Romanesque to the Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque to the modern.

This day is dedicated to Dubrovnik's religious buildings where every religion has its representative, and we will explore them from architectural point of view:

- Dubrovnik Cathedral
- Church of St. Blaise, Dubrovnik's patron saint
- Franciscan Monastery and church Mala Braća
- Dominican monastery and church of St. Dominic
- Jesuit Monastery and church of St. Ignatius
- Monastery of St. Clare
- Sephardic synagogue, one of the oldest in Europe,
- Orthodox Church
- Masjid, Islamic house of worship

Day 8:
Departure

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