Dubrovnik, the city - state, achieved during 15th and 16th centuries a remarkable level of development. The population was divided into rich nobility - patricians, commoners (merchants, captains and scribes) and serfs, peasants who worked the land and worked for the nobility. The nobility gathered in the Great Council (Parliament), elected by the City officialdom - the Senate (Senate) and the Small Council, had the authorities in the city - state. Dubrovnik Republic has flourished in the 16th century when it successfully established trade links with the Turks. The basis of Dubrovnik's economy was intermediary trade and maritime affairs, as well as crafts and revenues from trade and commerce. In the 16th century Dubrovnik had a very strong navy fleet (about 180 ships), third in the world by the strength and size. Freedom had the utmost value and respect in Dubrovnik, and it has successfully kept it for many years due to network of diplomatic and trade representatives in many European countries.

After a strong earthquake in 1667, changes in trade routes and the great fire, the power of this unique city - state slowly started to decline. DUBROVNIK HISTORY
5 days trip through Dubrovnik history

DUBROVNIK HISTORY

Day 1:

Arrival at Dubrovnik airport, hotel accommodation, overnight.

Day 2: CAVTAT AND OLD TOWN DUBROVNIK – HALF DAY TOUR

There are several theories on the origin of Dubrovnik. The generally accepted one is that the town was founded in the 7th century when the Latins from the city Epidaurum (today's Cavtat) fled before the invasion of Avars and Slavs in the rock Laus, a settlement which later merged with Dubrava. However, during the renovation of the city Cathedral, deep beneath the foundations of today's Cathedral remains of two former church were discovered, dating from the 5th century. Some other findings suggest a possible theory that the village dates back to the Greek era.

Therefore, on today's trip we will take you first to Cavtat (former Epidaurus), about twenty kilometers away from Dubrovnik afterwhich we return to Dubrovnik Old town where we'll visit Rector's Palace, once served as the center of power in this city – state, and palace Sponza, one of the most representative buildings of public importance within the Old Town. It had various functions: customs office, bank, mint, school and treasury.

Day 3 - DUBROVNIK'S SACRAL BUILDINGS - MEETING OF ALL RELIGIONS:

Morning is dedicated to Dubrovnik's religious buildings where every religion has its representative: - Dubrovnik Cathedral and its' Treasury , under whose foundations are the remains of two former churches which have shaken the theory of the origin of Dubrovnik - Franciscan Monastery and church Mala Braća, precious cultural, artistic and historical heritage of Dubrovnik Republic. Its' cloister is one of the most beautiful architectural achievemets of Dubrovnik

- Sephardic synagogue, is the oldest Sefardic synagogue still in use today in the world and the second oldest synagogue in Europe - Orthodox Church

And other buildings that will be mentioned and visited from the outside:
- Church of St. Blaise, Dubrovnik's patron saint, one of the most beautiful religious buildings of the city
- Masjid, Islamic house of worship - prayer hall of the Islamic community located in the Old Town - Dominican monastery and church of St. Dominic - Jesuit Monastery and church of St. Ignatius - Monastery of St. Clare Overnight in Dubrovnik.

On our way to peninsula of Pelješac and town Orebić, we stop in small town Ston famous for its saltworks with high quality and valued salt - a subject of trade. Orebić, as a part of Dubrovnik Republic, used to be Rector's residence and an important maritime center. Pelješac ships and sailing boats made an important part of Dubrovnik naval fleet. We cross the Pelješac channel on our way to Korčula, which was under the rule of the Dubrovnik Republic in the 14th century. It is believed Marco Polo was born in Korčula in 1254.

There are evidences that Dubrovnik's argosy reached the shores of North America. Naval fleet of the Dubrovnik Republic in the 16th century had about 40,000 sailors and more than 180 large ships, and has been among the strongest in the Mediterranean.

Day 5: Departure

INTERESTING FACTS:

- Dubrovnik Republic made in 1296 one of the first medieval sewer drainage system, and it is still in use today - The first quarantine in the world was created in Dubrovnik in 1377 (people arriving from places with infective diseases were to stay there until proven they are not contagious) - The orphanage founded in the monastery of St. Clare in 1432 was one of the first institutions of that kind in the world - Dubrovnik Republic was the first country in the world to recognize the United States, it was 1783.

Includes:

4 nights accommodation in hotel inside city walls, BB service (tourist taxes included) :


Local transfers with Mercedes Viano or similar vehicle according the itinerary:

- Day 1: Dubrovnik airport – Pile or Ploče drop off point
- Day 2: Dubrovnik – Cavtat - Dubrovnik
- Day 4: Vehicle at disposal during excursion
- Day 5: Pile or Ploče to Dubrovnik airport


Local guides:
- Day 2: Cavtat and Old Town sighseeing
- Day 3: Religious buildings sightseeing
- Day 4: Excursion to Ston and Korčula


Other services:
- Boat ride Orebić – Korčula – Orebić


Entrances and taxes:
- Rector's Palace, Sponza Palace, Cathedral and Treasury, Franciscan monastery, Ortodox church, Synagogue, Marco Polo house


Not included:
Meals*, drinks, porterage, tips , any other service not mentioned in the above


IMPORTANT INFORMATION:
- No reservation has been made.
- Accommodation is possible to arrange in hotels of different categories.

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